Our Turf Selection
The Grass Company offers the following turf varieties:
- Emerald Zoysia
- Meyer Zoysia
- Tif Bermuda 419
- St. Augustine (coming 2017)
Emerald Zoysia is an excellent grass for the southern and southeastern states. Once established, it requires less water than St. Augustine but slightly more than Bermuda. It is drought tolerant due to its deep root structure. Browning may occur in triple digit heat, but adequate hydration can restore its vibrant green color in a matter of minutes. The grass is moderately shade tolerant, coming close to the shade tolerance of St. Augustine. However, it does not do well in full shade as compared to Rye and Fescue. An average of at least 3-4 hours of full sun per day is a good measure for healthy growth. Flooding is tolerated, but constant saturation will eventually weaken the grass.
This Zoysia has a moderate cold tolerance and can be damaged by hard freezes. Moreover, it is not hardy in transition zones. Emerald Zoysia is a very slow growing lawn grass. Zoysia grasses are generally slower growing than Bermuda and St. Augustine, with Emerald Zoysia being one of the slowest growing Zoysia grasses. The grass exhibits a dense creeping growth, rather than an aggressive upward, or sprawling growth. The blade density is much higher than other grasses, giving a very dense, carpet-like, or "hedgehog" appearance.
Meyer Z-52 Zoysia is a medium-green color, medium texture, has a slow growth rate, creating a dense sod. It tolerates winters well, making it the most cold hardy of all warm season turf grasses. Meyer is the choice of experts in the transitional zone of the U.S. Zoysia has the most wear tolerance of all the currently available Turfgrass species in the United States and has very good heat and drought hardiness. Its nitrogen requirements are fairly low and its quite tolerant to shaded environments.
Tif Bermuda 419
Combining toughness with beauty, Tifway 419 has been the most popular sports turf for the last 40 years. Its dense, rapidly spreading growth habit means quick recovery from injury, making it one of the most durable hybrid Bermudas. Tifway 419 tolerates close mowing and is highly disease resistant. For use on fairways, roughs, sports fields, and commercial and residential lawns. Tifway is a hybrid Bermuda-grass cross of Cynodon dactylon x C. transvaalensis germplasma. It is characterized as having a dark-green color with medium fine textured leaves. Tifway hybrid Bermuda grass is dense with a medium-to-low growth habit. This variety is a vigorous grower and thus establishes quickly at planting.
Centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) is a warm-season lawn grass that is thick sod forming, uniform growing, and medium-to-light green colored. It has a coarse texture with short upright stems that grow to about 3-5 inches and spread by stolons. Centipedegrass is a low-maintenance grass. It requires infrequent mowing. Centipedegrass has medium shade tolerance and limited traffic tolerance. Centipedegrass is shallow rootedand has poor drought tolerance. During summer months soil moisture should be monitored. Centipede grass should only be watered when stressed, and only when the soil can be watered four to six inches. Centipedegrass survives in mild cold temperatures as long as there aren’t several hard freezes since it doesn’t go into a true dormancy. With light freezes it will turn brown but recover and re-green as the temperature rises.
Fescue is referred to as a cool-season grass. As the name implies, cool-season grasses can endure cold temperatures but decline in the summer’s heat in the South. There are numerous turf-type fescues available. Turf-type fescues are improved fescue varieties that have finer blades and deeper, more vigorous root systems. Generally, they are more disease and drought resistant. They can also tolerate shade and temperature extremes better than some of the older fescue varieties. Fescue’s coarse texture and fast germination make it an excellent grass for erosion control. It can also tolerate compacted soil, like our Georgia red clay; it stands up to heavy foot traffic, making it a good choice for play areas or sports venues; and it stays green all year.
St. Augustine is a native grass cultivar selected for better color and finer texture than ordinary grass. St. Augustine grass demonstrates superior shade, cold, frost, heat, and drought tolerance. This versatile turfgrass is used across the southern United States from the Carolinas to California under a wide range of climate and soil conditions, making it the ideal choice for residential and commercial use. St. Augustine grass is rapidly becoming accepted as a landscaping standard as it has been used in thousands of lawns since 1994. Please note that like all turfgrass, St. Augustine grass is a living plant, not a miracle grass. When properly maintained, however, St. Augustine grass will deliver years of an aesthetically pleasing and functional lawn.